Ter acesso a uma educação de qualidade é fundamental para o sucesso pessoal e profissional. No entanto, por vários motivos, nem todos conseguem concluir o ensino fundamental ou ensino médio no tempo esperado. Se você se encontra nessa situação, não desanime.

Existe uma alternativa que pode abrir portas para novas oportunidades e ajudá-lo a retomar seus estudos: o supletivo.

Neste artigo, vamos explorar o que é o supletivo, por que ele é tão importante, como funciona e como você pode se inscrever. Se você está procurando uma segunda chance para concluir sua educação básica e avançar em sua carreira, continue com a gente nesse artigo!

O que é o supletivo e como funciona?

O supletivo, também conhecido agora como Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA), é um programa educacional do Brasil destinado a pessoas que não conseguiram concluir o ensino fundamental ou médio na idade apropriada e desejam retomar seus estudos.

O supletivo é oferecido em instituições públicas e privadas de ensino e é estruturado de acordo com as diretrizes e bases da educação nacional. Ele permite que os estudantes concluam os níveis de ensino que faltam em um período de tempo mais curto do que o normal, levando em consideração a vida e experiência prévia do aluno.

Funciona da seguinte maneira:

  • Supletivo para Ensino Fundamental: Destinado a pessoas com pelo menos 15 anos que não concluíram o Ensino Fundamental.
  • Supletivo para Ensino Médio: Destinado a pessoas com pelo menos 18 anos que não concluíram o Ensino Médio.

O supletivo pode ser realizado de duas formas: presencialmente ou a distância. Em ambos os casos, os alunos devem atender a certos requisitos de frequência e desempenho para avançar.

Tipos de supletivo

Conforme falamos anteriormente, o estudante pode fazer o supletivo presencialmente ou estudar a distância, desde que tenha acesso a um computador conectado a internet. Veja mais detalhes a seguir:

Supletivo online

O supletivo online ou EAD, é uma opção que permite aos estudantes concluir o ensino fundamental ou médio por meio de um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem. Esse tipo de programa pode ser uma opção muito conveniente para pessoas que têm dificuldade em frequentar aulas presenciais devido a compromissos de trabalho, familiares ou outros.

Algumas instituições de ensino oferecem aulas virtuais ao vivo onde o estudante pode interagir com o professor e outros estudantes do supletivo online. Outras podem disponibilizar gravações de aulas que podem ser assistidas a qualquer momento.

Muitos programas de supletivo online oferecem suporte aos estudantes, como tutores ou conselheiros acadêmicos que podem ajudar a resolver dúvidas ou problemas. No final do curso, o estudante deve fazer um exame final para demonstrar que adquiriu o conhecimento necessário. Este exame pode ser realizado online ou presencialmente, dependendo do programa.

Supletivo presencial

Já no supletivo presencial, o estudante deve comparecer às aulas, que normalmente são realizadas à noite para acomodar pessoas que trabalham durante o dia. A frequência é geralmente obrigatória e os estudantes devem cumprir um mínimo de presença para serem aprovados.

As aulas são conduzidas por professores qualificados e abrangem uma variedade de disciplinas, como matemática, ciências, história, geografia, língua portuguesa, entre outras. Além das aulas, os estudantes podem ter que realizar atividades em casa e projetos em grupo.

Ao longo do curso, os estudantes serão submetidos a várias avaliações para testar seu entendimento do material. Isso pode incluir testes, trabalhos escritos, apresentações, entre outros.

Quanto tempo leva para terminar o supletivo?

O tempo para concluir o Supletivo (ou Educação de Jovens e Adultos – EJA) pode variar dependendo do programa e da instituição que o oferece, bem como do nível de ensino que o aluno precisa completar (fundamental ou médio).

De maneira geral, o supletivo é projetado para ser um programa mais acelerado em comparação com o ensino regular. A seguir, uma estimativa de duração com base na estrutura comum desses cursos:

  • Supletivo para Ensino Fundamental: Geralmente, pode ser concluído em cerca de 2 anos, considerando que o aluno assista às aulas regularmente e cumpra todos os requisitos do programa.
  • Supletivo para Ensino Médio: Normalmente, pode ser concluído em aproximadamente 1 a 1,5 anos, desde que o estudante cumpra todas as exigências do curso.

Qual é o valor de um curso supletivo?

O custo de um curso supletivo pode variar amplamente, dependendo de várias variáveis como o tipo de instituição (pública ou privada), a modalidade do curso (presencial ou a distância), e o nível de ensino (fundamental ou médio).

As instituições públicas normalmente oferecem o supletivo de forma gratuita, como parte do compromisso do governo em proporcionar educação para todos. Este é o caso das escolas estaduais e municipais e de programas específicos para a Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA).

No caso de instituições privadas, o custo pode variar bastante. Alguns programas podem cobrar uma taxa mensal que pode ir de R$ 100 a R$ 500, enquanto outros podem cobrar uma taxa única para o curso inteiro. Além disso, algumas instituições privadas oferecem bolsas de estudo ou descontos, que podem reduzir o custo do curso.

Há também a opção do ENCCEJA (Exame Nacional para Certificação de Competências de Jovens e Adultos), que é uma prova aplicada pelo Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira (INEP) e é gratuita. Caso o candidato obtenha a pontuação necessária, ele pode receber o certificado de conclusão do ensino fundamental ou médio sem ter que passar por um curso supletivo.

Como é o diploma do supletivo?

O currículo do supletivo abrange as mesmas disciplinas do ensino regular, como matemática, ciências, língua portuguesa, história, geografia, entre outras, mas com uma abordagem que considera as necessidades, experiências e objetivos dos alunos adultos.

No final do curso, os estudantes devem realizar uma avaliação para receber o certificado de conclusão. Esse certificado tem a mesma validade do diploma emitido pelo ensino regular e permite ao aluno prosseguir com os estudos em nível superior ou melhorar suas perspectivas de emprego.

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