Médico e Enfermeiro são dois profissionais essenciais para a sociedade, cada um com sua parcela de responsabilidade do cuidado e atenção à saúde.

É muito comum que ao cogitar ingressar nesta área, o estudante se pergunte como é o dia a dia de cada profissional, quais são suas funções e como elas se interligam ao longo dessa trajetória, afinal, o contato entre as duas carreiras são diárias.

Neste conteúdo você vai entender as diferenças entre Médico e Enfermeiro, quais são as responsabilidades e conhecimentos de cada uma das áreas. Vamos nessa? Boa leitura!

O que o médico faz?

O médico é o profissional responsável por realizar exames físicos, avaliar sintomas para diagnosticar doenças e tratá-las. Tem como responsabilidade recomendar medicamentos que sejam eficazes para o tratamento de alguma doença específica, além de orientar os pacientes sobre cuidados de saúde preventivos.

Um profissional formado no curso de Medicina passa, ao longo da sua trajetória acadêmica, por diversas áreas do conhecimento, que são base para prestar os atendimentos necessários no seu dia a dia, e são elas ciências biológicas, patologia, farmacologia, cuidados preventivos e entre outras.

Veja também: Descubra como passar em Medicina de primeira!

As áreas da Medicina são diversas, com inúmeras possibilidades de carreira. Dito isso, vale pontuar que a rotina desse profissional vai depender muito do ambiente em que trabalha. Um clínico geral ou médico da família, como é conhecido, pode atuar na atenção primária em postos de saúde, hospitais, clínicas e muitos outros lugares.

O que o enfermeiro faz?  

O Enfermeiro, assim como o Médico, é um profissional essencial no cuidado e promoção da saúde dos pacientes. Apesar de suas responsabilidades serem diferentes, o enfermeiro é aquele que também presta assistência à população.

Entre suas atribuições, estão a realização de exames, aplicação de vacinas, remédios, curativos, triagem de pacientes e outros cuidados individualizados de acordo com a necessidade de cada um.

Além disso, um profissional formado no curso de Enfermagem é capacitado para coordenar equipes multidisciplinares, gerenciar casos mais complexos e supervisionar as equipes de enfermagem no ambiente de trabalho.

Veja também: O que comprar para o Curso de Enfermagem? Veja a lista de materiais!

Esse profissional em questão pode atuar em diferentes áreas da Enfermagem, desde que seja especializado, e também em diversos ambientes, bem como hospitais, clínicas, lares de idosos e unidades de terapia intensiva, sempre focado no atendimento mais direto, com o objetivo de garantir o bem-estar dos pacientes.

Quem é enfermeiro pode virar médico?

Médico e enfermeiro são duas profissões distintas, cada uma com sua própria formação, treinamento e áreas de atuação.

Apesar das semelhanças no dia a dia, a transição de uma carreira para outra pode não ser tão simples como parece, já que para se tornar médico após a formação em enfermagem, é necessário fazer o curso de Medicina – que geralmente tem de sete a oito anos de duração. Isso envolve, portanto, um currículo acadêmico mais complexo, com aulas teóricas, estágios e residência médica.

Veja também: Veja qual é a faculdade de Medicina mais barata!

Embora os conhecimentos e habilidades adquiridos ao longo do curso de Enfermagem sejam úteis para a prática médica, saiba que a troca de profissão requer tempo, esforço e investimento financeiro, uma vez que a faculdade de Medicina é uma das mais caras do Brasil.

Por que médicos ganham mais do que enfermeiros?

A diferença entre os dois salários pode ser explicada por diversos fatores. O primeiro deles é que, visivelmente, o curso de Medicina possui um período de formação maior que o de Enfermagem. Ou seja, esse nível mais alto de educação e treinamento resulta em uma melhor remuneração no mercado.

As responsabilidades de um médico também não podem ficar de fora, afinal, elas são mais complexas do que a de um enfermeiro, pois é ele quem diagnostica doença, prescreve tratamentos, realiza procedimentos médicos e cirúrgicos, e o mais importante, toma decisões clínicas que podem ser decisivas para a vida dos pacientes.

Essa amplitude de responsabilidade e a complexidade do seu trabalho justificam em parte o fato de médicos ganharem mais do que enfermeiros.  

Entre alguns fatores também estão a demanda de mercado, estruturação do sistema de saúde e outras questões que podem influenciar os salários.

Afinal, qual é a diferença entre médico e enfermeiro?

Se você chegou até aqui já deve ter percebido que a diferença entre as duas áreas da saúde é completamente visível em termos de rotina de trabalho, que vão além da formação acadêmica.

Os médicos são profissionais altamente qualificados que passam por uma longa jornada de estudos. Após a graduação em Medicina, eles continuam investindo na sua carreira de especialização, que pode totalizar de 10 a 15 anos de formação, incluindo a residência médica.

Por outro lado, os enfermeiros completam cursos de graduação em Enfermagem, que variam de quatro a cinco anos de estudos. São capacitados para fornecer assistência direta ao paciente, além de todas as atribuições já mencionadas ao longo desse conteúdo.

Enquanto os médicos possuem uma abordagem mais focada em diagnóstico e tratamento, os enfermeiros têm uma visão mais ampla do cuidado ao paciente, e consideram aspectos físicos, emocionais e sociais.

Não podemos negar que ambos desempenham papéis essenciais para sociedade e no sistema de saúde, seja ele público ou privado. As diferenças em níveis de educação, atribuições e as áreas de atuação justificam as diferenças salariais e a percepção pública entre as duas profissões no mercado de trabalho.

Agora que você já sabe a diferença entre médico e enfermeiro, que tal começar a investir na sua carreira na área da saúde? Você sabia que com o Amigo Edu você tem descontos de até 80% em qualquer curso de graduação? E o melhor, para estudar em uma das melhores faculdades privadas do país!

Não perca mais tempo e encontre agora mesmo a sua bolsa de estudos com o Amigo Edu!

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131 comentários em “Conheça as diferenças entre Médico e Enfermeiro

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